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Diabetes: Important Facts & Information

Learn about Accord's Diabetes Clinical Trials

Diabetic checking her blood sugar levelsDiabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes as most people know it, is a term that describes a class of metabolic conditions which lead to high blood glucose (blood sugar) in patients. While the symptoms of diabetes can be managed effectively. It can be very difficult to live with and is now a significant risk for a large section of the American population.

Clinical trials, like the ones our research team conduct here in Port Orange, FL are designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of new medications and therapies for diabetes mellitus. What many Floridians don’t realize is that a clinical trial is also a viable alternative for diabetics who haven’t found success with more conventional medicine.

(Are you interested in participating in a clinical trial at our clinic? You can contact us by phone at (386) 760-7272 or email at

Essentially, diabetes develops as a result of blood glucose levels that have gotten too high. Glucose or sugar builds up in the blood stream after food is consumed, but that tells the pancreas to start producing insulin. This important hormone acts as a messenger which tells the body’s cells to absorb the glucose. There’s more than one type of diabetes, because there’s more than one issue that causes this buildup.

Video Introduction to Diabetes

There are actually three main types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes

This is sometimes referred to as juvenile diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes or early-onset diabetes. Type 1 diabetes (T2D) is the result of an autoimmune disorder, in which auto-antibodies actually attack and destroy the insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas. The body then loses the ability to produce any more insulin and patients must rely on injections moving forward (hence the “insulin-dependent”).

While it is not nearly as common as type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes can be extremely dangerous. People living with this illness must regularly check their blood glucose levels and follow a very strict diet.

Type 2 Diabetes

This type accounts for about 90 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes in the world. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is the result of many factors, such as genetics and lifestyle habits. In some cases, the body no longer is able to produce enough insulin to function effectively, or the cells are unable to utilize it properly. This is what it means to become insulin resistant.

This disease poses a serious issue, but fortunately it is possible to control the symptoms of type 2 diabetes by implementing certain lifestyle changes, such as:

  • Adopting a healthy diet
  • Getting regular exercise
  • Managing your weight
  • Monitoring blood sugar levels regularly

The unfortunate aspect of this disease is that it tends to be progressive– meaning its effects get worse over time. It’s not uncommon for diabetics with T2D to become insulin dependent as well.

Clinical trials and research studies have shown that people who are overweight or obese tend to have a significantly higher risk for type 2 diabetes overall compared to people who maintain a healthy weight. We’ve also seen the rate of diabetes increase as the human race has become increasingly more sedentary. Exercise and eating right can go a long way towards reducing your risk for this disease.

Gestational Diabetes

This is probably the type of diabetes that you are least familiar with, but it gets its name because it only occurs during pregnancy. Studies have shown that some women tend to have higher levels of blood glucose naturally. Now, they may not have had any significant issues before pregnancy, but the incredible flux in hormones that this state causes can sometimes lead to the development of what’s called gestational diabetes.

Doctors can diagnose this condition over the course of the pregnancy during a routine blood test and most are able to manage any symptoms with proper dieting and exercise. However, expectant mothers should know that gestational diabetes will increase their risk for certain pregnancy and delivery complications. Be sure to closely follow your doctor’s recommendations regarding blood sugar levels while you’re planning your pregnancy.

(You can learn more about gestational diabetes on the American Diabetes Association’s website.)

Do You Want to Enroll in a Diabetes Clinical Trial?

If you’re interested in learning more about our diabetes clinical trials, our research team will be available to answer any questions. Applicants who are looking to participate for the first time should take a moment to check out our volunteer resource section. It has plenty of valuable information on what to expect during your first study experience.

We’d also like you to know that we provide compensation to qualified research volunteers for time and travel. Plus, all study related tests and prescribed medication are provided free of charge.

Accord’s clinic is located in Port Orange, FL and it has the capabilities to conduct a wide range of Phase II-IV clinical trials. Are you a healthy adult simply interested in participating in a clinical study? Our dedicated team can get you enrolled in a paid study very soon. If you are interested in helping us advance modern medicine, please give us a call today at (386) 760-7353.